Japanese Culture

Fertility Festival

Japanese Bizarre Fertility / Harvest Festivals Fertility and harvest festivals are organized every year all over Japan. Famous Fertility / Harvest Festivals in Japan *Matsuri means festival Hōnen Matsuri [豊年祭] in Aichi Hōnen festival is held annually on March 15, celebrating good...
Sumoboss Recipes

Chicken Teriyaki

Chicken Teriyaki belongs together with sushi to the world's most popular Japanese dishes. As opposed to sushi, teriyaki chicken is quick and easy to prepare. Best to serve with rice or even with as a burger...

Aikido History

Aikido History Table

This table is part of my study about the history of Aikido. It is still a work in progress…

18831214Nishinotani, TanabeUeshiba Morihei
BORN (He’d use the name Tsunemori 常盛 or Moritaka 守高, but the name that appears in his family register is Morihei 盛平) had 3 older and 1 younger sister
1889Jizōdera TempleStudying Confucian classics which he did not enjoy at that time and later his schoolmaster Mitsujo Fujimoto, a priest of Shingon Buddhism, thought him esoteric chants and ritual observances which he found interesting
1890Morihei's older sister married with a wealthy man from the Inoue family
1895TanabeSeeing his father Yoroku being beaten up by his father's opponents affected Morihei deeply
1896TanabeMorihei graduated from Tanabe Higher Elementary School and was admitted to the newly established Tanabe Prefectural Middle School at the age of thirteen
TanabeMorihei left middle school before graduating and went to the Yoshida Abacus Institute
TanabeAfter obtaining abacus diploma, Morihei started working at the Tanabe Tax Office
TanabeMorihei resigned from the Tanabe Tax Office after joining a movement against new fishing legislation
1901TokyoMoved to Tokyo to work in Inoue Koshiro stationery business. Later got beri-beri and returned back to Tanabe in less than a year
1901Received some instruction from Tozawa Tokusaburō in Tenjin Shin'yō-ryū jujutsu
TokyoFor short time studied Kitō-ryū jujutsu under Takisaburo Tobari
TokyoBriefly enrolled in school of Shinkage-ryū
1902Inoue Youichiro born
1903TanabeMarried Itogawa Hatsu
190312Called up for military service, but he failed the initial physical examination. He stretched his spine by attaching heavy weights to his legs and suspending himself from tree branches and he had increased his height by the necessary half-inch to pass. He was assigned to the Osaka Fourth Division, 37th Regiment, and was promoted to corporal of the 61st Wakayama regiment by the following year, after serving on the front lines he was promoted to sergeant.
OsakaDuring periods of leisure from military practiced Gotō-ha Yagyū Shingan ryu under Masakatsu Nakai
1907TanabeDischarged from Russo-Japanese War, returned to Tanabe
1907TanabePresented with a certificate of enlightenment (shingon inkyo) by his childhood teacher Mitsujo Fujimoto
TanabeSupporting his friend Minakata Kumagusu, joined protests against shrine consolidation
1911TanabeFirst child Matsuko born
1911TanabeStudied Kodokan judo (with Youichiro) with Kiyoichi Takagi who was persuaded by Yoroku, who convertee their barn to dojo. Takagi, then just a third grade holder in judo, later became a judo 9th dan holder.
19125ShiratakiZenzo and Yoroku supported Morihei to join settlement in Hokkaido where they built village called Shirataki (Youichiro went with them)
1913Yukiyoshi Sagawa became a student of Daito-ryu Chuko-no-so (“Interim Reviver” / 中興の祖) Sokaku Takeda somewhere around 1913. Sagawa’s father Nenokichi (佐川子之吉 1867–1950) was a long time supporter of Takeda.
19152lateEngaruMorihei was introduced to jujutsu expert Takeda Sokaku at the Hisada Inn in Hokkaido by Kotaro Yoshida. Sagawa Nenokichi was also present.
1918ShiratakiMorihei became council man of Yubetsu mura
19187ShiratakiMorihei's eldest son Takemori was born
191911ShiratakiLeaving Hokkaido, gave his home and furnishing to Sokaku after getting message about his father dying
1919On the way persuaded by traveler he met on train, he made a stop in Ayabe and met Onisaburo Deguchi, while his father already died
1919Morihei's second son Kuniharu was born
AyabeTogether with family members living in Ayabe amongst Omoto kyo believers
1920AyabeOpened small dojo at home called Ueshiba Juku teaching Omoto kyo believers and Naval officers from nearby Maizuru base
19208AyabeMorihei lost both son Takemori due to an illness
19209AyabeMorihei's second son Kuniharu also died due to an illness
1921211First Omoto Incident - several people, including Onisaburo were arrested. After release on bail, Morihei helped Onisaburo to re-build Omoto Kyo
1921627Kisshomaru born
1922springAyabeTakeda Sokaku together with his wife and Tokimune living 6 months at Ueshiba's home in Ayabe and teaching at Ueshiba Juku
1922AyabeReceived kyoju dairi from Sokaku
1924213AyabeSecretly left for expedition to Mongolia with Deguchi Onisaburo. At that time Deguchi had been implicated in the 1921 incident (for lack of respect to the Emperor), so his departure was in profound secrecy. Thus Deguchi's party got on a train at Ayabe at 3:28 a.m. February 13, 1924. The Founder joined the party at Tsuruoka.
1924215MukdenArrived in Mukden, where they met Lu Chang Kuei, famous Manchurian warlord. Together, they led the Northwest Autonomous Army into the interior of the country. Morihei was given the Chinese name Wang Shou Kao
1924620Baian DalaiThey were victims of a plot by warlord Chang Tso Lin and they found Chinese troops waiting to arrest them in Baian Dalai
1924Morihei, Onisaburo and 4 others were sentenced to death. Just before due to be executed, a member of Japanese consulate intervened and secured their release
1925725MojiThe Mongolian expedition group arrived in Japan and was welcomed by a crowd
Because the facilities of Ayabe were inadequate, the habitants were often asked to donate their labor. Once Morihei pulled out a pine tree which was four or five sun in diameter (about 15 cm or 5 1/2 in) and relocated a big stone which more than ten laborers could not move.
1925AyabeThere was a man named Wasaburo Asano who had an influential position on Deguchi's religious board. Admiral Seikyo Asano was his brother. Omoto kyo believer and commander in Imperial Navy, practicing at the Ueshiba Juku. He consulted with Admiral Isamu Takeshita, who was his classmate at the Naval Academy.
1925fallTokyoMorihei was invited to visit admiral Takeshita in Tokyo and stayed at the residence of retired admiral and former Prime Minister Gombei Yamamoto, where he gave a martial arts display in front of a number of dignitaries. A 21 day course of training was offered at the Aoyama Palace for those members of the Emperor's guard who were fifth-grade holders or above in judo or kendo. A temporary dojo was set up at the mansion of Ichizaemon Morimura.
1925Hidetaro Kubota, Yutaka Otsuki, Sogetsu Inagaki, Gunzo Oshikawa, Yoichiro Inoue, were all his students. Kubota (present name, Nishimura; a sixth grade holder of judo) was a student of Waseda University at the time. He was a leading figure in the student judo field, and influenced many people to study Aikido, including Kenji Tomiki and Nobubumi Abe. He recalls: "When I was a student at Waseda Higher School, I heard of Prof. Ueshiba from Rev. Deguchi of the Omotokyo religion. Not expecting he could handle himself well, I attacked him. It was the carefree spirit of my youth that drove me to do it. I was amazed that he was so strong. After that time I occasionally served as a private secretary to the Founder."
1925122Based on Admiral Takeshita's diary, he started Daito Ryu training on this day
1926225Takeshita diary: “From 10 a.m. I practiced Yawara [Ueshiba’s martial art] for one hour. Mr. [Seikyo] Asano and Mr. Kosaburo Gejo came to the dojo. Mr Gejo was expected to join the practice from tomorrow.”
Shishida: The purpose in this part is to examine the relation between Yagyu-shinkage-ryu and Ueshiba’s martial art through its master Kosaburo Gejo. Yagyu-shinkage-ryu was the most prestigious school in kenjutsu during the Edo period. I directly heard from Tomiki that he had learned Yagyu-ryu from Gejo with master Ueshiba, so that asked for an interview with Shiho Otsubo, a disciple of Gejo, who was present at Gejo’s instruction to Takeshita and/or Ueshiba, consequently, introduced these relationships in the book in 1985 (Shishida & Nariyama, 2001, p.23) as follows. “Ueshiba often met Gejo at the Yagyu dojo and the place where Ueshiba was teaching. One day Ueshiba saw a “Fukuro-jinai”, a sword covered with leather, and became interested in it. This was the first time he had ever seen Yagyu-shinkage-ryu. Gejo directly showed him many kata techniques except “Muto-no-kurai”, techniques that could only be learned at the higher level. Ueshiba wrote Budo in 1938 and mentioned his practice of Yagyu-shinkage-ryu. It is clear he took hints about ma-ai from Gejo.”
Shishida: In 1926, Gejo was 61 years old while Ueshiba was 43. According to Akabane’s research, Gejo was one of best disciples of Genshu Yagyu, the 10th successor of Yagyu-shinkage-ryu in the domain of Owari or Nagoya. Gejo became a desciple of Genshu Yagyu, soon after in a match in kenjutsu he was defeated by Genshu. Gejo, since he met Ueshiba, was one of Genshu’s successors along with Gencho Yagyu and Kinshichi Kobe.
Shioda Gozo: “I have never seen his own practice of Yagyu-ryu or Shinkage-ryu, though the master told to us that he practiced. I have never seen that he himself learned Yagyu-ryu or Kashima-shioto-ryu, though he invited a master of Yagyu-[shinkage]-ryu to learn …”
1926springTokyoMorihei went to Tokyo again at admiral Takeshita's invitation. He taught at the Imperial Court and Imperial Household Ministry, as well as teaching army and navy personnel and people connected with the world of finance
1926summerTokyoMorihei was still teaching in Tokyo, when he fell ill with intestinal disorder and was forced to return to Ayabe
1926Tomiki Kenji "first time thought Daito-Ryu Aiki-jujutsu by Ueshiba Morihei" (introduced to Ueshiba by Takeshita Isamu)
19272TokyoAfter receiving again an invitation from admiral Takeshita, came to Tokyo where he taught at temporary locations, assisted by Inoue Youichiro. Morihei family rented a two-storied house of five rooms at Sarumachi, Shiba Shirogane for 55 yen a month. Kiyoshi Yamamoto, a son of Count Gonnohyoe, and Admiral Takeshita helped them. ??? The billiards room of Prince Shimazu's mansion was remodeled and offered as a dojo. About that time, the daughters of Takeshita, Shimazu, Yamamoto and other nobles earnestly began to train. ???
1927springTomiki Kenji "first time received instructions from Ueshiba sensei" ? - from his letter
1928earlyTokyoAmong the students during that time, there were such admirals and generals as Takeshita, Eisuke Yamamoto, Sankichi Takahashi, Gengo Momotake, Ban Hasunuma, Nobutake Kondo and well-known people in financial and political circles. Iwao Kasahara, the student judo champion, entered the Founder's classes about then, too. Aiki captured public attention as a new budo just then appearing in the city of Tokyo.
1928217Tekeshita diary: "Practiced in the morning. From today, the Aioi-kai declared it would use the name Aioi-ryu-aiki-jujutsu from now on."
1928Shishida: Takeda sometimes visited him even after that so as to demand an explanation as to why Ueshiba did not pay the commission of 3 yen per person as agreed to when Takeda qualified Ueshiba in 1922 to teach Daito-ryu-jujutsu on his behalf. However he did receive 30 yen from each pupil, when the starting salary for a college graduate drew 35 yen around 1928.
The Founder was invited to be a budo teacher at the Naval Academy, and most of the teachers and students of the Academy studied under him. First class actors and dancers, including the late Kikugoro, came to learn the body movements of Aiki. The applicants were many. Among them were Yoichiro Inoue ???, who had been raised by the Founder since he was small; Takeshi Nishimi, a sixth- grade holder of judo, who was the first deshi in Tokyo; Hisao Kamata, Kikuo Kaneko, and others.
1929TokyoAfter 2 years teaching at temporary locations, Morihei moved to a house near Sengaku temple in Kuruma-cho, where he converted 2 8-mat rooms ito a dojo. His students included Isamu Fujita, Shoyo Matsui, Kaizan Nakazato and kabuki actor Kikugoro Ennosuke VI.
1929614Takeshita diary: “After lunch, I strolled around Akabane and Mita areas. From 5 p.m. we had a konwa-kai, a gathering for a friendly discussion, at Takahashi’s dojo or hall. There were about 20 participants. From today we decided and declared that the name of our martial art would be Aiki-bujutsu.”
192996Takeshita diary: “In the afternoon, visited master Ueshiba. He said he was quite delighted as he beat judo instructors at the Kikan-gakko at Maizuru.”
1929Chikatami Honda’s’ remarks at a round-table talk after the first national Judo tournament in the presence of the Emperor in 1929. This is made clear in the prominent voluminous book “Showa Tenran Shiai” where it is mentioned that Honda said, “I have some thoughts about Kodokan-Judo. Briefly speaking, there is a person named Ueshiba who practices dangerous joint techniques. … As vice admiral Todoroki said, there are techniques in recent judo that are not very effective in the case of a real fight like a fight in a trench. … The following suggestion has been made: why doesn’t Kodokan introduce these techniques; at least a chief secretary of Kodokan should check them for its useful information. … I as well as master Kano have no objection to checking it, but I have no interest to become his pupil. There are plenty of valuable excuses to the criticism that Kodokan-judo is not efficient due to the fact that judo has no way to finish off an opponent.”
1929TokyoKamata Hisao became a student?
193015Takeshita diary: “Masamitsu Kinebuchi visited home from Edajima. The purpose was to practice Aiki-bujutsu.”
1930117Takeshita diary: “A captain [an illegible word] and Mr. Seiichi Sato, both auditors and instructors at the Heigakko, visited a dojo and observed the class.”
1930TokyoFunabashi Kaoru became a student
1930TokyoUeshiba, supported by Inoue Koshiro and Ogasawara family, managed to buy a plot of land in Shinjuku, Ushigome, Wakamatsu-cho
1930TokyoWhile new dojo was being constructed in Shinjuku, a temporary dojo in Meijiro was being used
1930TokyoKano Jigoro with his assistant, Professor Nagaoka and others, visited the dojo in Meijiro and praised him highly saying "This is my ideal budo" "To tell the truth, I would like to engage Ueshiba here at the Kodokan, but since he is a master in his own right, that will be impossible. Therefore I'd like to dispatch some able men from our art to study with Ueshiba."
19301028TokyoShuichi Nagaoka, Minoru Mochizuki and Jiro Takeda sent by Kano to study Aikijujutsu with Ueshiba. Nagaoka began to slack off after a brief period of study for various reasons, one of which was his age.
1930TokyoIwata Hajime started studying at the Meijiro dojo
1930TokyoMajor-general Makoto Miura visited in order to defeat Morihei, but he was defeated by Morihei and enrolled on spot as a student
ToyamaAt the request of Makoto Miura, Morihei became a teacher at the Toyama Military Academy
19314TokyoKobukan (皇武館) dojo in Wakamatsu-cho inaugurated, Inoue Noriaki was assistant instructor.
1931TokyoYukawa Tsutomu travelled to Tokyo to study at the Kodokan, but whilst in the city he encountered aikido's founder, Morihei Ueshiba, and was soundly defeated. He then took up the study of aikido.
1931TokyoAritoshi Murashige started training with Ueshiba
1931TokyoThere were thirty or forty live-in students, uchideshi, at that time. Most of them were high-grade holders of judo or kendo, many weighing more than 80 kilograms. These men, quite full of vitality, would exercise so much and train so hard that the place became known as the "Hell Dojo of Ushigome."
1931TokyoThe seniors were Inoue and Kamata. The new leading figures were Hajime Iwata of Waseda University, Minoru Mochizuki and Aritoshi Murashige. However late they sat up, even till two or three in the morning, they would jump up at five and begin cleaning the floor.
1931TokyoAmong the uchideshi living with the busy Founder and taking care of him, Kaoru Funabashi and Tsutomu Yukawa distinguished themselves. Warm natured Funabashi could take breakfalls freely while holding a spear in his hands. Yukawa felt an abiding power in himself after ten years of Aikido study and could easily clap together two bales of rice. They had extremely opposite characters. These two men, now having since died, were always publicly and privately assisting the Founder.
1931TokyoHashimoto Masahiro became a student ?
1931Summer training with Morihei Ueshiba in Daito-ryu Aiki-jujutsu and Aiki-budo
1932TokyoShioda Gozo enrolled at the Kobukan
19328AyabeIniciated by Deguchi Onisaburo, Dai Nippon Budo Senyokai was established and Ueshiba becoming it's first chairman. Branches were established all over Japan at Omoto kyo facilities, even in Iwama. Inoue Youichiro was teaching at a number of Budo Senyoukai facilities.
1932TokyoYonekawa Shigemi after participating in a Budo Senyokai seminar in Iwama, he bacame a Kobukan dojo uchideshi
1932TokyoNakakura was married to Kisshomaru's older sister Matsuko and being groomed as the lineage holder, changed his name to Ueshiba Morihiro. Morihei, getting close to his 50th birthday, was looking for a successor and offered this also to Tomiki Kenji, Mochizuki Minoru, Sugino Yoshio
1932TokyoKendo group at the Kobukan was formed and even entered competitions
1932TokyoShirata Rinjiro entered Kobukan dojo and became uchideshi
1932TokyoAround 1932 or 1933 Sugino Yoshio began training with Aikido Founder Morihei Ueshiba, and received a teaching license directly from the Founder in 1935.
1932Hiden Mokuroku issued to Minoru Mochizuki in 1932 “Ueshiba Moritaka, student of Takeda Sokaku”
19331TokyoTakako Kunigoshi started in January of 1933, the year that she graduated from school. She was then able to continue up to a little before the air raids began over Tokyo.
1933springOsakaAsahi news contacted Morihei to teach at their dojo. The main figure at their dojo was Hisa Takuma. Morihei and uchideshi Yukawa Tsutomu, Funahashi Kaoru, Yonekawa Shigemi and Shirata Rinjiro
1933Kunigoshi Takako entered the Kobukan dojo, later training at Takeshita Isamu's private dojo. She said in the beginning she had hard times remembering which is Ikkajo, which Nikkajo etc, therefore she started sketching.
Tesshin Hoshi was a judo teacher at a high school in Kii Province. He was easily handled with one hand by Aiki man Tsutomu Yukawa, one of his former students at the high school. He fell in love with Aiki, and studied intensively for two years. The exceedingly self-confident Hoshi reflected on his two-year's hard study and deplored the fact that he could never be a match for the Founder, no matter what he might do.
1934OkayamaIn 1934, Shirata Rinjiro, one year after entering, he was dispatched to the Okayama Branch of the Budo Senyokai with fellow deshi Mr. Hashimoto. They were challenged to a match by two locals who were boastful of their abilities. Shirata declined solidly saying, "There is no competition in Aikido. A match means killing each other. Moreover it is the principle of 'Aiki Budo' not to fight." They wouldn't listen to him. So he stood up from necessity and threw one of them and pinned his hands. He then joked, "You see? Can you resist the world of non-resistance?"
There was a lively old man named Kyugoro Kuroyanagi living at Ushigome Kagurazaka. He was deeply impressed with the Founder and rebuilt one of his houses at Fujimidai, making it into a dojo. He rented it as a branch dojo. People could take advantage of its favorable location.
Seiji Noma, leading publisher and moralist, respected the Founder's way of living and training as a warrior. He rebuilt his house and offered to lend it to the Founder. His son Kiyoshi, the first to become a student, devoted himself to hard training. He had vigorous energy because he had recently won a kendo championship in a contest held for the Emperor.
Prominent among high position trainees were Marquis Toshitame Maeda and Dr. Kenzo Niki. Maeda was a real aristocrat. He had an attendant remove his shoes for him and help him put on his training uniform. On the contrary Dr. Niki used to surprise the apprentices at five in the morning. He would propose an exercise and throw the uchideshi. As he executed each movement he would recite old Japanese sayings, "bending willows to the wind," "pouring water into a sieve", things which indicate the movements of spirit power in Aiki. Then he would hurry home. The deshi who had been thrown would not be completely awake until the time the doctor left. Recalling those days they say he was like a phantom.
The World Wrestling Champion of that time was Mangan of America. He was more than six feet tall and one day had a match with the Founder. He attacked with the so-called flying kick. The Founder threw him instantly and effortlessly. After that he became a student of the Founder and visited him almost every day for some time.
1933Started giving Aikijujutsu Denshou/Budou Renshuu to students, with illustrations by Kunigoshi Takako. This contains 166 techniques and corresponds in part to the first level Daito ryu curriculum.
1934My version of Aikijujutsu Denshou
1934Yukawa Tsutomu married Ueshiba's niece
1935OsakaAsahi dojo Aiki Budo demonstration film (Yukawa, Yonekawa, Kisshomaru???, Shirata, Shioda??... taking ukemi)
1935Takeshita Isamu gave lecture-demonstration on Daito-Ryu Aikijujutsu at First Nihon Kobudo Shinkokai as a representative of Kobukan dojo
1935summerUSATakeshita gave public demonstrations of aikibudo in Seattle, Washington and Washington, D.C; this was the introduction of "aikido" to the United States.
1935Japanese government has hatched a secret plan to destroy Omoto kyo. The religion had by this time reached 1 milion members and was a very powerful organization in Japan. Onisaburo is believed financing various right wing causes.
1935OsakaKyoto police ordered Osaka police to arrest Morihei. When Tomita Kenji refused, they said they will send own people, so Tomita warned Morihei about the plans and Sonezaki police station chief Morita did hide Ueshiba sensei in his house.
1935128Ayabe, KameokaLarge scale raid on Omoto kyo, many properties destroyed and possesions confiscated. Onisaburo, his wife and others were arrested.
1936Noma dojo photographs taken - Noma Hisashi - famous kendoka and close friend of Ueshiba Morihiro, took over 1000 photos of Ueshiba Morihei with uke Yonekawa Shigemi with his Leica camera
1936621OsakaTakeda Sokaku took over Asahi dojo: In 1936, however, according to Hisa, Takeda appeared unexpectedly in the front of dojo and declared to Hisa and Ueshiba’s other students that he was Ueshiba’s teacher and that he would now take over their instruction, which he promptly began to do. Hisa politely invited him in the dojo and asked him to attempt his techniques to the tough guys who trained well under Ueshiba with Hisa. Takeda defeated each of them with great ease. Hisa and others were stunned by his performance and decided to become disciples.
1936621OsakaWhen Hisa reported to Ueshiba about Takeda’s visit anticipating his joy, Ueshiba turned white and only nodded. Ueshiba rented a new house to live with his disciples and was happy to take root in Osaka. However, he did not call on Takeda to pay his respects and did a disappearing act
1936OsakaHisa also expressed the difference in skill between Takeda and Ueshiba, “Master Takeda did not take his pupils and attempted his techniques to anyone, even any tough guys, while Master Ueshiba always took a few pupils with him and made them take a break-fall when he demonstrated.” We can not help but understand the clear difference in skill between them. That will be the fundamental reason why Ueshiba tried to avoid Takeda. Furthermore, there is no way to explain the nonpayment of the commission.
Takeda’s instruction gave Hisa the chance to compare the techniques that he had been taught for the previous three years (1933-1936) by Ueshiba with those taught by Takeda. His conclusion was that they were the same---meaning that Ueshiba had not by that time significantly modified or evolved what he had been taught by Takeda. In later years, Hisa was adamant about Ueshiba’s and Takeda’s techniques being identical. He stated this clearly at a round table talk, “When Tomiki came to Osaka to teach aiki-bujutsu to the Asahi people2, the techniques that both master Ueshiba and Takeda taught were the same. Definitely the same. Master Ueshiba should say that he was taught them by master Takeda. He should say that it was Daitoryu. But he never said that. Mr. Tomiki (who also traveled from Tokyo to Osaka to teach Ueshiba’s system at the Asahi dojo) knows this, doesn’t he. But Ueshiba never said it.” And Tomiki answered, “Definitely not. ‘I [Ueshiba] established everything…[smiling mysteriously]’. However old martial artists would often do that way.”
Ueshiba also caused confusion about the naming of his system and the point in time at which the term "aiki" was added to both Daitoryu jujutsu and to his own system. Tomiki said at the round table talk, “Master Ueshiba gave us the impression that the name of aiki was established by Takeda and Ueshiba working together or by himself. … He gave us the impression that the term aiki was added into Daito-ryu jujutsu from Ueshiba’s age, like Daito-ryu-aiki-jujutsu.”
1936Tanaka Bansen became a student ?
1936Kenji Tomiki had left for Manchuria where he taught students at the Daido Gakuin and Kenkoku University
193612Yonekawa Shigemi moved to Manchuria to assist Kenji Tomiki in teaching Aiki Budo
1937Nakakura as a kendoka had issues learning subtleties of Jujutsu and divorced Kisshomaru's older sister meaning this succession plan for Morihei Ueshiba had failed, Nakakura had afterwards a long career in kendo and iaido
1937Kisshomaru started to officially train
1937Hikitsuchi Michio started studying with Morihei, at that time only 14, lower than the minimum age, but he got an exception
1937Shirata Rinjiro was conscriped into army
1937516Kashima Shinto-ryu Keppan (“blood oath”) signed by Morihei Ueshiba and Zenzaburo Akazawa
1938Budo book published - only written work where the founder personally appears showing the techniques
1938Mr. Kimura began training with Morihei Ueshiba O-Sensei in 1938, in an art called “Ueshiba-ryu Aiki-jutsu”, at the Kobukan Dojo
1939Tenryu attended demonstration by Ueshiba in Manchuria and was pinned by one finger. He then asked to be accepted as a student at the Kobukan dojo, where he trained intensively for 70 days
A professional sumo champion, Tenryu, became a deshi at Kobukai Dojo for about two and a half months. It was also about this time when "King Te" of Mongolia, during his visit to Japan, went all the way to Tokyo to satisfy his keen desire to see Ueshiba's Aiki arts.
1939Takuma Hisa receives Menkyo Kaiden from Takeda Sokaku (“Certificate of Complete Transmission”)
1939Hirai Minoru first met Ueshiba Morihei and entered the Kobukan dojo
1940Takuma Hisa publishes Morihei Ueshiba’s Aikijujutsu Densho as a Daito-ryu manual
1940Okumura Shigenobu enrolled at the Kenkoku University and started studying Aiki Budo
1940Tohei Koichi started to train under Ueshiba at the Kobukan dojo
1940430Zaidan Hojin Kobukai foundation was officially approved. Takeshita Isamu became first chairman of this non profit. Board of directors included Konoe Fumimaro - ex prime minister.
1940Morihei started to give dan rankings
1940Takuma Hisa publishes Morihei Ueshiba’s Aikijujutsu Densho as a Daito-ryu manual
1940Kenji Tomiki awarded the first Aikido 8 dan by Ueshiba
1941Osawa Kisaburo started to train under Ueshiba at the Kobukan dojo
1941Shioda Gozo left Japan and served in the army overseas
1941Takeshita Isamu arranged for Ueshiba to demonstrate at the Saineikan Dojo within the Imperial grounds in front of the Imperial family
1942Ueshiba's last visit to Manchuria, where he attended the celebrations for the tenth anniversary of the founding of Japanese-sponsored state of Manchukuo and gave demonstration in presence of emperor PuYi
1942Sunadomari Kanshu, from an Omoto kyo family, started to train under Ueshiba at the Kobukan dojo
1942Tohei Koichi was conscripted into the army, young Kisshomaru was exempt from military service because of his poor health
1942Ueshiba moved to Iwama and left his dojo in Tokyo to Kisshomaru, assisted by Hirai
1942Salvatore Mergé was the first Italian to become a disciple of Ueshiba (probably for about six years, in a period of time ranging from his arrival in Japan in 1930 to 8 September 1943, when Mergè was interned in a concentration camp)
1942Hirai Minoru became the Director of General affairs at the dojo in Tokyo
1942Hirai Minoru represented the Kobukan dojo at the Dai Nihon Butokukai and played a major role in the selection of the category name Aikido for a number of Jujutsu forms. This name started then being used by the Kobukan dojo,
1942Yukawa Tsutomu died from stab wounds sustained during a fight with a soldier in Osaka
1943Kanshu Sunadomari joined military
1944Yonekawa Shigemi was drafted into Army and fought in Okinawa
1945IwamaAiki shrine was completed just before the end of WW2. 43 deities are enshrined here as guardian deities of Aikido.
1945Japan surrendered and carrying on the family business in the Japanese capital became a crime until 1948
Tomiki was trapped in Manchuria after the end of the WW2 and was inprisoned in the Soviet Union for 3 years before being repatriated to Japan
Okumura Shigenobu was imprisoned in Siberia for 3 years
Kunigoshi Takako did not continue in aikido after war and taught tea ceremony
Shioda Gozo spent short period studying under Ueshiba in Iwama
Tohei Koichi after returning from war, relocated to Iwama and was studying under Ueshiba Morihei
Tenryu after the war opened a Chinese restaurant in Ginza and became Sumo comentator and supporter of Yoshinkan aikido
1946IwamaUeshiba Morihei listed as G-class war criminal (G - Initially broadly based and unspecified “additional militarists and ultranationalists”.) and MP's came for him, but he was ill so they searched his house and found many peace writings, so they let him be
1946Yonekawa Shigemi was repatriated to Japan, no longer being involved in aikido, he settled in Tsuchiura, Ibaraki and was focusing on agriculture
1946Saito Morizo started training under Osensei
1946Kisshomaru graduated with his degree in Economics and Political Science from Waseda University
1946?IwamaKisshomaru married
1947Mikami Taku (515 Incident) staying at Ueshiba Morihei's house in Iwama
19482Zaidan Hojin Aikikai was reconfirmed under the law
After convocation, conditions were poor enough that Kisshomaru Ueshiba left Tokyo himself and moved to Iwama for three years, only returning to Tokyo the year after the ban on Aikido was lifted. After the war, the dojo was damaged and now housed 30 homeless families. The last of these families only left in 1955.
1949Takeshita Isamu died
1949? Kisshomaru started working
1949Ueshiba told Saito that he completed Aikido
1949IwamaHiroshi Isoyama sensei began training in the Iwama Dojo at the age of 12
1949Tomiki joined Waseda University where he taught judo and later aikido
195034TokyoTada Hiroshi began training at Aikikai Hombu Dojo
FranceIn the 1950s, Mochizuki introduced aikido to France (the first person to teach aikido outside Japan)
1952Shioda Gozo started teaching aikido to employees of Nihon Kokan Steel Company
1952Abe Seiseki began training in Aikido after encountering the Founder in Osaka in 1952 and then began teaching him calligraphy a few years later, thereby occupying a unique position as both a student and a teacher of Morihei Ueshiba
1952Watanabe Nobuyuki started Aikido
1952TokyoNishio Shoji entered Aikikai Hombu Dojo
1953febHawaiiTohei Koichi first time visited Hawaii - Koichi Tohei effectively introduced aikido into the United States
1953TokyoTamura Nobuyoshi entered Aikikai Hombu Dojo as an uchi-deshi
1953FranceAbe Tadashi sent to France
1954TokyoWorld Aikido Headquarters moved from Iwama to Tokyo
1954BurmaAritoshi Murashige (村重有利), whose nickname was “Assassination”, took Kimio Kuroishi (黒石公男, now head of the Kita-Kyushu division) to teach Aikido in Burma at the Mandalay Police Academy
1954Morihei Ueshiba publishes Aikido Maki-no-Ichi, which duplicates the technical explanations and technique illustrations of Aikijujutsu Densho. He teaches post-war students from this manual.
1954Masando Sasaki started training
1954TokyoKato Hiroshi started at the Hombu Dojo
1954TokyoKuroiwa Yoshio started at the Hombu Dojo
1954TokyoYasuo Kobayashi started training in Aikido at the old Aikikai Hombu Dojo in Wakamatsu-cho
1955510Shinjuku, TokyoYoshinkan dojo was established. When it opened it was a wonderful 100 tatami facility with a location near Iidabashi station, it was ideal. On the other hand, there were still refugees living in the headquarters of the “Aikikai” hombu dojo, which had not yet been fully repaired.
1955TokyoLast refugees left Honbu dojo
1955TokyoFujita Masatake started training at Honbu dojo
1955septNihonbashi, TokyoFirst public Aikido demonstration on the roof of Takashimaya Department store
1956Kisshomaru left his job (in his biography it says 1955)
1956Tohei Koichi became head instructor of Aikikai Hombu in Tokyo
1956TokyoYamada Yoshimitsu entered Aikikai Hombu Dojo as an uchi-deshi
1956TokyoMorihei Ueshiba O-Sensei invited Sagawa to become an instructor at Aikikai Hombu Dojo. The arrangement was refused by Sagawa.
1958TokyoRendez-vouz with Adventure film
1960The throne of Aikido 合気道の王座, film from NTV production
1960514Shinjuku, TokyoThe first All Japan Aikido Demonstration was held in the Yamano Hall in Shinjuku, with 150 demonstrators. On that occasion Morihei gave a deep impression with a demonstration entitled "The Essence of AIkido"
1960Morihei Ueshiba issues Daito-ryu certificates, with the name changed to Aikido but with all of the other particulars preserved, as late as 1960 – and actually much later, in scrolls that are privately held.
1960Morihei received the Shijuhosho award from emperor Hirohito
1961923IwamaGozo Shioda, the Founder of Yoshinkan Aikido, tested for 9th Dan in Iwama with Morihei Ueshiba
1961HawaiiUeshiba Morihei traveled to Hawaii with Tohei Koichi and Tamura Nobuyoshi for opening of the Honolulu Aiki Dojo
1961Sunadomari Kanshu promoted to 9th dan by Ueshiba Morihei
1962TokyoSasaki Takashi (佐々木貴) entered Aikikai Hombu Dojo
1964ItalyTada Hiroshi was sent to Italy
1964FranceTamura Nobuyoshi was sent to France
1964New YorkYamada Yoshimitsu dispatched to New York
1966GermanySasaki Takashi graduated from university and with a Ni-Dan in Aikido from Morihei Ueshiba O-Sensei he departed for Germany, to work and teach Aikido
19691Tohei Koichi was the first person awarded a 10th dan in Aikido by Ueshiba Morihei
1969Hikitsuchi Michio was awarded a 10th dan by Ueshiba Morihei
1969426Iwama ?Ueshiba Morihei DIED
1956Hisa Takuma received 8th dan from Morihei Ueshiba